Afghanistan has long been a male dominated society. There has been a huge difference in the rights, respect and freedom given to men and women. However, there was a period when the situation of women started changing after the formation of a democratic government. There was freedom to move out and work in every field, but it is also true that this opportunity was mostly available to girls and women from urban areas and educated families. The status of girls from rural, poor and uneducated families did not make much difference. Today every woman in Afghanistan is feeling helpless, helpless and pathetic after the Taliban came to power again.
Today we are talking about a tradition whose foundation is very old in Afghanistan, which is known as 'Bachha Posh'. It means - girl in boy's costume. Most of the families in whose homes no boy is born, they raise one of their girls like a boy. They are started wearing boys' clothes at the age of three to four years. Haircuts are done like boys. Boys are given training in gait, speaking etc. The motive is that he can hide his identity and go out of the house and thus help the family. They also have the responsibility of taking the girls out of the house. They are also sent to school to study. He can play football, fly kites, ride a bicycle, which means he can do all the things that girls are prohibited from doing.
This tradition gives some relief to the families for a short time, girls also feel freedom for some years, but in reality this tradition gives sad results to the girls. Under this tradition, as soon as she reaches the threshold of puberty, the girl who becomes a boy is again imprisoned in the boundary wall of the house. She is imposed on girls clothes, forced to live like girls. There is pressure to do all the household chores. These girls are not able to handle the sudden change. These girls live in delusions about their personality and also become victims of mental illnesses.
Nazia Naseem, director of the NGO 'Women for Afghan Women', believes that the social, economic, political policies of male domination and oppression of women in Afghanistan have adapted the 'Bachcha Posh' tradition to their advantage. Along with many areas in Afghanistan, this tradition is still present in some provinces of Pakistan. It is being said that after the arrival of Taliban in Afghanistan, women's rights, freedom have been curbed, their exploitation has started on a large scale, but it is to be understood that exploitation of women and girls in Afghan society in some form or the other. I have been running for centuries. The child care tradition is a link to the same exploitation.
In view of all the above circumstances, neither the old governments there tried to stop the exploitation of girls through this tradition in Afghanistan, nor has it become a topic of discussion in human rights forums. Considering this tradition as just a tradition, it is being ignored till now. And now no such thing can be expected from the Taliban administration that any initiative of theirs will be able to rein in this tradition.